Arthrofibrosis is a condition of scar tissue formation within the capsule that surrounds the elbow joint. Arthrofibrosis can be caused as a result of injury or inflammation of the elbow joint. When arthrofibrosis occurs, a dense fibrous tissue forms in abundance. This can bind down the elbow joint, and prevent normal motion.
Prevention of arthrofibrosis is best accomplished with early motion following surgery or injury. If the problem of arthrofibrosis cannot be solved with aggressive therapy, then surgery may be necessary to remove the fibrous tissue. This is followed with aggressive physical therapy to regain motion.